Alegoría agraria y futuros globales

  • Anna Lowenhaupt Tsing University of California Santa Cruz, Anthropology Department

Resumen

"Solo dos fuerzas son esencialmente nacionales y portadoras del futuro: el proletariado y los campesinos”, escribió a principios del siglo pasado el teórico político Antonio Gramsci (1968, 51). En el siglo XX, los obreros y campesinos se constituyeron en las categorías básicas para pensar la política. Sin embargo, en el siglo XXI ambas han desaparecido de la discusión pública; no se mencionan pero orientan por doquier tanto la política pública como la investigación académica. Los tropos a través de los cuales las conocemos han calado como “hechos” bien conocidos sobre la vida social urbana y rural. Aparecen en la forma de estadísticas, anécdotas y lugares comunes, y son explicados como “realidades sociales”. Sin embargo, estas realidades están moldeadas por las preguntas que hacemos y por las maneras en que narramos la historia. Los campesinos y los obreros son figuras alegóricas cuyas historias todavía nos acompañan. Este ensayo examina las alegorías que dan forma al campesino. Para hacer más claras las historias del campesinado, las comparo con la recientemente renovada alegoría de la tribu.

https://doi.org/10.22380/2539472X37

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Cómo citar
Lowenhaupt Tsing, A. (2017). Alegoría agraria y futuros globales. Revista Colombiana De Antropología, 52(1), 289-346. Recuperado a partir de https://revistas.icanh.gov.co/index.php/rca/article/view/86

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Publicado
2017-08-22